10 reasons to visit Spain in 2017.

  • In Spain, you can rest on the sea all year round: in summer on the coast or in the Balearic Islands, and in winter in the Canaries.
  • Only here the Christian culture is so bizarrely intertwined with the Muslim one. For example, in Cordoba, the Catholic altar is located in the center of the mosque.
  • Mediterranean cuisine is particularly vividly represented in Spain. Try the world famous wines!
  • Only in Spain you can see the bullfight - amazing with its beauty and cruelty spectacle.
  • According to the feedback of our customers, here is the most benevolent atmosphere. What more do you need for a good rest!
  • For lovers of outdoor activities in winter - beautiful ski resorts + thalassotherapy centers + the possibility of cultural recreation in Barcelona.
  • Visit places associated with the work and creativity of the famous Spaniards: El Greco, Antonio Gaudi, Salvador Dali, Velasquez, Goya ... Excursion tours are held all year round.
  • Here are the most fun international youth parties: Ibiza, Benidorm, Costa Dorada ... Do you think you will have time to sleep?
  • With excellent quality, vacation in Spain is the most inexpensive of European resorts. Why pay a lot for the same?
  • Great opportunities for recreation with children: significant discounts on tours, water parks, adventure parks, zoos, circuses, dolphinariums and much more. Give your children a happy childhood!


About Galicia

The autonomous community of Galicia (Galiza, Galicia) lies in the very north-west of Spain, washed from the north by the Bay of Biscay, from the west by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the south by neighboring Portugal.

This region is very similar to Ireland - parallels are traced in climate, culture, music and even in the clearly visible traces of the Celtic past.

The territory of Galicia is covered with mountain ranges of 975-1625 meters in height, forming a veritable labyrinth of mountains and hills, valleys and ravines. The coasts to which the mountain terraces run off are quite severely rugged and dotted with many promontories (the largest are Finisterre and Ortegal) and the bays (Coruña, Vigo, Arosa, Móros-i-Noi and Ferrol) forming safe harbors and raids.

It is the proximity of the ocean that makes the region one of the greenest places in Spain - the climate here is mild, the heat and cold are rare (in the summer it is +20-25 ° C, in the winter - 8-10 ° C), and precipitation falls quite a lot - up to 1400 Mm per year (the winter is very rainy).

The tower of Hercules exists from the 2nd century. Its authorship is attributed to the Roman engineer Sevius Lupus. In 1788, according to the decree of King Carlos IX, a foundation was built around the tower. The 54-meter building still functions as a full-fledged lighthouse.

Despite such fertile natural conditions, Galicia is considered one of the poorest regions of Spain, and therefore Gallegos (Galician) have for centuries sought a better share in a foreign country, spreading their wonderful cuisine and customs around the world.

Galicia has always been very conservative in all aspects of public life (suffice it to say that both Franco and many modern leaders of right-wing parties were born here), and that is why the unique layer of ancient culture, in which the influences of the Celts and Gauls (they, As can be easily guessed, can be traced in the name of autonomy), Romans, Germanic tribes and Arabs.

And even the once almost forbidden local dialect recently began to restore its influence, appearing in education, politics, and road signs.

sights

The capital of the autonomous community of Galicia - Santiago de Compostela - one of the most colorful cities in Spain.

Outside the capital, it is worth to see the charming old stone cities of Galicia, among which the Roman walls of Lugo, the only Spanish city that has completely preserved the entire serpentine encirclement of the Roman settlement (total length of 3 km, 85 towers), straw-covered stone houses "pioosas" in the village of Sebreiro The status of a national monument) and numerous monasteries and churches that provide rest to pilgrims along the way of the Camino de Santiago.

The most picturesque are the Monasterio de Samos (XIV-XVI centuries, 40 km to the west of Sebreiro) and the large monastery of Sobrado dos Monhes (XIII-XVI centuries), halfway between Lugo, Santiago and Betanzos, but almost Throughout Galicia, there are many similar monasteries and churches, many of them still working.

The flagship of the first travel of Christopher Columbus was built in Galicia and was originally called "La Gallega" ("Galician"), but later was renamed "Santa Maria". By the way, according to one version, Columbus is from Galicia.

The rocky northern coast, riddled with bays and "rias-altas" (characteristic for this area of ​​the bay, formed by the mouths of rivers, breaking through the rocks), framed by high hills, eucalyptus groves and tiny villages literally clinging to the slopes.

Moving from the border with Asturias, you can consistently see the city of Ribadeo with its palace Palacio del Marqués de Sargadellos and the beach of Praia del Castro, the attractive old town of Mondonedo with a beautiful cathedral, the elegant port town of Vivero with its Old Town and the beaches of Praia De Covas and Praia de Faro

Very picturesque fishing port of Porto de Barquero near the northernmost point of Spain, Mecca Gallegos - the Hermitage and the 12th century monastery in San Andres de Teixido, the nearby cliffs in Vichy de Herbera (considered one of the highest in Europe, 600 m)

And also built on the site of the Roman settlement is the ancient city of Betanzos with its fragments of medieval walls and the church of Santa Maria do Asoca (12th century).

Interesting is the port city of La Coruña (Coruña), with its picturesque colonnade on Prasá de María Pita, the churches of Santiago and Santa Maria del Campo, the castle of San Antón (now the Museum of Archeology and History is located here), the Museum Humanity, a modern aquarium, as well as the real symbols of the city - Torre de Hercules ("the tower of Hercules") and characteristic glazed balconies (a serious help in protecting against the piercing winds of the Atlantic).

The wild and windy coast of Costa de Morte ("Coast of Death") west of La Coruña is rarely visited by tourists, since it has no recreational infrastructure.

However, beautiful bays, tiny fishing villages, rocky capes and forested mountain slopes make this place one of the most beautiful in Galicia.

Its ominous name the coast has received not in vain - many hundreds of ships of all times and peoples lie on the seabed by the rocks and reefs of Costa de Morte. However, the tourist will surely like a lot of secluded and picturesque bays, as well as small but very beautiful beaches, such as Praia de Nignes in Malpica, the town of Lasche with its protected by a huge breakwater bay and the beaches of Praia de Soesto and Praia de Arnado or Surrounded by the dunes of Praia de Traba beach near the town of the same name.

5 km from the beautiful fishing port of Kamarinas is the lighthouse of Cape Cabo-Vilan, from which a wonderful panorama of the adjacent coast opens. The small port of Mukhia is famous for its monastery Santuario da Virche da Barca (XVIII c.), Built on the site of an ancient pagan sanctuary - the "rocking" stones of the ancient temple are still visible on the furthest point of the cape.

The famous writer Alvaro Kunkeiro called Galicia the country of a thousand rivers.

The port city of Finisterre (Finisterra), lying in the same name bay, is known for its small Romanesque church Santa Maria des Ares with its beautiful carved altar and also a square lighthouse that not only helps vessels navigate in these misty waters but also serves as a traditional ending place Pilgrimage, where its participants burn clothes and pick up shells, serving as a kind of proof of the completion of the path.

Around the town of Esaro, near which the Halys river meets the sea, amazing landscapes with multicolored rocks, natural lagoons and cascades of small waterfalls unfold.

To the south, a row of small bays merge finally into a long sloping coast, framed by dunes, in the very center of which, at some distance from the coast, is the village of Karnota, whose old church literally salted from sea winds, and dunes, palm trees and swamps create an amazing landscape.

The mouth of the river Bajas is the most popular resort area of ​​Galicia.

The climate here is softer than in the north of the autonomy, the coves are wider, and the beaches are protected from the sea by tiny islands and sandy shoals, and from the shore - covered by thick forests slopes of the mountains.

The old town of Muros, lying in the mouth of the river of the same name, is considered the site of the best examples of Galician architecture. Its visiting cards are numerous arches, columns and benches made of granite, as well as the Romanesque Church of Iglesia de San Pedro.

The city of Noah (according to local legend, it was here that the ark of the Noah biblical landed to the shore) can offer the tourist several good churches and characteristic arcaded streets. And the numerous coastal towns of the mouth of Arosa are famous for their colorful squares and excellent seafood.

The famous Padron, in which, according to local legends, the miraculous voyage of the relics of St. James ended, now stands quite far from the sea - the deposits of the Rio-Ulya River have distanced its coast almost 12 km from the city limits.

Now you can visit the House-Museum of Rosalia de Castro (famous popularizer of the Galician language, 1837-1885) and try the famous "Piementos" (traditional Galician green peppers fried in oil), which are considered "right" to do know how only here.

Good beaches can be found near the town of Villagarcia - the best are Praia da Concha near the old docks and the excellent shore of the wooded island of Isla de Arosa. In the town of Cambados, which is the recognized center for the production of excellent Galician wines, Albarino, the small idyllic Praça de Févinens is interesting, surrounded on all sides by beautiful buildings, among which is another picturesque church of the 17th century.

On the other side of the bay lies the most famous resort of the region - O Grove, considered the center of family recreation. To the west, near the village of Reboredo, there is a beautiful aquarium Acquariumgalicia is one of the largest in the country.

A little further south are the delightful sandy coves near the pretty village of San Vicente do Mar, most of which remain deserted even in the height of summer.

The long and narrow mouth of the Pontevedra River strongly resembles the Scandinavian fjord with its steep and wooded slopes. The beautiful old town of Pontevedra now lies just off the sea, in the estuary of the Rio-Leres River.

Pontevedra is a good starting point for trips to numerous beaches (the city itself does not have a beach), to the Sanxenxo resorts on the north coast or to the beautiful shores of the southern coast - Praia La Lansada, Portonovo, Ilya de Ons, Praia Melide and Bewe (Bwio).

The coastal village of Combarro (7 km west of Pontevedra) is famous for the largest collection of "orreos" (characteristic stone granaries of Galicia) and its Sardine Festival (June 23).

2 km to the east rises the Benedictine monastery of De Poio (XVII century), and the largest "orreo" of the region is located just behind it.

Due to the discovery of the burial place of the Apostle James, Santiago de Compostela acquired the status of one of the three holy cities of the world (along with Rome and Jerusalem).

To the south of Bewe (Bwaiyo) the road crosses the steep mountain ridge of the Morraso peninsula and overlooks Ria de Vigo (Vigo bay) - one of the largest natural harbors in the world.

The city of Vigo looks very attractive, stretching the terraces along the southern shore of the bay, but it can not boast of an abundance of historical monuments. From its port there is a ferry to the rapidly developing resort of Cangas with its beautiful five-hundred-foot beach Praia de Roedeira and the protected islands of Ilyas-Cies (together with the islands of Ons, Cortejada and Salvor, and part of the mouth of Rio Bajas are part of the National Park of the Atlantic Islands) .

The town of Bayona (21 km south of Vigo) was the first settlement in Europe to hear about the opening of the New World - the "Pinta" Columbus entered its port on March 1, 1493.

Beaches

Galicia coast almost entirely consists of small secluded coves, sunny sandy beaches, surrounded by steep cliffs, fishing ports and harbors sheltered from sea winds.

From the border with Portugal to the ancient port of Ribadeo, the coast of Galicia is cut by rivers flowing into it and built up by a multitude of settlements and cities.

From Ribadeo to Vivero (Viveiro) the coast attracts tourists with very beautiful beaches surrounded by eucalyptus forests. Most of the coasts are very crowded, and the entrances to them are well-equipped. Near Vivero, one after another, there are two popular beaches: Covas and Area Longa.

If you continue along the coast to the west, then near the city of Ortigueira you will enter an amazing sandy bay located at the mouth of the Ladredo River, next to which is the spacious seaside town of Carino, surrounded by deserted beaches with the purest white Sand.

At the northernmost point of Galicia - Cape Ortegal (Ortegal Cape) - towers over the raging ocean medieval sanctuary of San Andres de Teixido (San Andres de Teixido).

To the west of the mountain, they approach the water itself, forming a rocky coast stretching to the very mouth of the El Ferrol River. To the south, between the cities of El Ferrol and Valdovino, our view opens up stunning lagoons, surrounded by sand dunes. Here lies the magnificent and quite windy 3-kilometer beach of Frouitira.

The waters of the bay are often troubled, therefore surfers like to rest here. On the beach there is a snack bar, camping, restaurants, parking, shower cabins, telephone booths, a rescue service and a police station.

The city of Vigo has a very tragic history. In the XV century the city was plagued by a plague. So much so that the King of Spain gave great privileges to those who dare to settle here.

In 1589 the city was burned by the famous corsair Sir Francis Drake. In the XVII century, the city was emptied because of the war with Portugal. In 1809, Vigo captured Napoleon. And even the Americans, at the end of the XIX century, tried to attack him during the war with Spain for influence in Cuba and the Philippines.

Lovers of seclusion and desert landscapes turn from here to the cape of Cabo Prior and the beaches surrounding it. From here and to La Coruna (La Coruna) along the shore towering monasteries, castles and medieval towns, interspersed with small fishing villages and beaches.

Among them - Minho, which is a large summer resort stretched on a wide sandy beach, and a favorite vacation spot for surfers - the thirty-kilometer white snowy beach of Praia del Orzan.

One of the most beautiful local beaches is Praia As Catedrais, with its rocky coast, beckoning the coolness of the caves and the delightful warm waters of lazy lagoons.

To the south of La Coruña lies a stretch of coast of incredible beauty - the wild and rocky "Coast of Death" - Costa de la Muerte. Such a gloomy name was given to the territory due to the large number of shipwrecks that occurred in the past near these dangerous shores.

On the northern shore of the harbor of Arosa (Arosa) is the city of Santa Eugenia de Riviera (Santa Eugenia de Riveira). The surrounding area is densely populated and in the summer months is literally crowded with holidaymakers.

Beautiful sand dunes stretch along the cape of Cabo Corrubedo (Cabo Corrubedo), and the coastline is occupied by a whole series of modern summer resorts.

Near the famous fishing port of Grove is the famous beach of La Lanzada (La Lanzada).

Another resort area of ​​the coast is between the mouth of the river Pontevedra (Pontevedra) and the city of Combarro.

The beaches here alternate with fishing lodges and peaceful rural landscapes. There are hundreds of oysters around the tiny 100-meter-long beach of Sinas, and from the 300-meter-long sandy beach of Pinela, you have a wonderful view of the city of Pontevedra, next to which is Playa do Polvorin - 700-meter golden beach, framed by picturesque piers, protruding far into the water.

From the city of Vigo and south, to the city of Bayon, the beach turns into a continuous sandy beach, on sunny days literally teeming with people. From Bayona to La Guardia, the coast is mercilessly harassed by strong Atlantic winds, so few beaches here are almost deserted.

Pink Stones of History

The Romans called this land the Land of Light. Moors, conquered all of Spain, really did not reach these places. Galicia remains even for the Spaniards themselves something unattainable and mysterious. Somewhere beyond the mountains, fog, washed by continuous rain, the earth.

But it was the Galicians who first learned about Columbus's discovery of the New World. In the port of the city of Bayon to this day stands "Pinta" - one of the three ships of the expedition.

"La Pinta," as the Spaniards call it, not only brought news of the discovery of America. On board the sailboat were unknown to Europe: potatoes, tomatoes, corn, pepper, tobacco, beans, cotton and peanuts. As evidence of his discovery, Captain Columbus brought the Indians - inhabitants of the New World.

On the way, almost all of them died from diseases, except one. This redskin became the first American to visit Europe. His name is unknown, but the feat is captured in the avant-garde monument here, in the port.

And did you know that one day with King Pedro, who ruled Spain from 1350 to 1359, the following historical anecdote happened. Pedro, who was called "Cruel", loved to seek adventure in the streets of Seville at night.

Once, in a lonely alley, he started a quarrel with a stranger, summoned him to a duel and killed him. And just before that, the king issued a decree saying that anyone who took part in the duel would be beheaded.

On the misfortune of the king, one old woman saw and recognized him. The next day the officer on duty came to Pedro with a report: "Your Majesty, tonight was a duel, one of the fighters was killed."

"Well, did you find the murderer?". "Yes, Your Majesty." "And where is his head? Enforce the law! ". The officer was initially frightened, but found a very clever way out - he drew his sword and cut off his head ... one of the royal statues.

When the Galicians were forced from the advancing progress, they again set out on the path of their ancestors to the American continent, in search of a better share.

They say that almost every third Galician left his homeland. Take with them was almost nothing, they carried the stones. Pink Galician granite is now known all over the world. The skyscrapers in Manhattan are made of this stone.

Years have passed. Life in Spain slowly began to improve. And pulled back to their homeland from Argentina, Cuba, Venezuela Gallegos. This is how the Latin Americans of all Spanish immigrants began to be called.

Each gallego brought with it a memory of America is no longer a stone, but a palm tree. Know, if you see a palm tree next to the house, former emigrants live in it. I want to believe that when life in Russia is better, palm groves will adorn our cities.

How to cultivate a character

Fidel's father, Castro, also a gallego, was a veteran of the American-Spanish war, gave his son a firm character and a stubborn disposition. Fidel, from his childhood, disliked the Yankees.

The apple does not fall far from the apple tree. Among Spaniards, many Galicians are distinguished by their gloominess and conservatism. Rarely do you hear "yes" or "no" from them.

The descendants of the Celts, mostly fishermen, shepherds and farmers (as well as their cousins ​​Irish and Scotsmen) like to play on bagpipes.

Bagpipe is a good gift for educating the character of those who listen to it. Julio Iglesias, for example, since childhood, did not like bagpipes. At first he tried to shout it out, then he sang.

And he did it. Found the secret strings of his "Galician soul". Now the whole world is enjoying his voice.

At the beginning of the 9th century, Galicia discovered the burial place of the Apostle James (Apostol Santiago), thanks to this fact the city of Santiago de Compostela acquired the status of one of the three holy cities of the world and became a pilgrimage site for millions of pilgrims arriving from all over the world.

The voice of another Galician - Franco Spain listened with trepidation for forty years. But not because this voice was beautiful and melodic.

It's just that Franco was a dictator. The hometown of Franco El Ferrol is an hour's drive from the airport of La Coruna. The general was the son of a naval supply, a well-fed man, lived a long life and had a good memory.

The reason for such good health is the Marisian, which is better known as seafood. Spaniards love seafood, especially when they are cheap. Thousands of people who want to eat deliciously and cheaply go to the Galician coast to eat lobster, hake in cider or, at worst, flounder stuffed with shellfish.

All this is washed down by Ribeiro - the most popular wine. Then siesta, with a cup of coffee solo, and business - Asta mania, that is tomorrow. Thus, memory is strengthened and the Spanish character is brought up.

By the way, there is a custom at the bar to leave garbage, this is a sign of good cuisine. This frightens foreigners, but local people only need it.

Wine and women

It is impossible not to love Spain. It draws to itself, on the one hand, its historical conservatism, on the other hand, it is believed that morality must be broken from time to time to make life more piquant.

In Galicia, a very religious part of Spain, nevertheless there is a belief in witchcraft. King Pedro, nicknamed the Cruel, said that Galician women are either witches or courtesans.

Thousands of puppet witches are sold in shops together with the figures of St. James and badges of pilgrims. All this comes from pagan times. As the Inquisition fought, all is in vain.

Because the Spaniards are almost not afraid of death. Let a person die, and that's the end of his suffering. I was told that there is such a custom near the city of Pontevedra.

Every year on July 29, people who have escaped from the worldly vicissitudes of death participate in the so-called "death procession" in honor of Saint Marta. The "saved" lie down in coffins, which are then ceremoniously planted around the church by their relatives. Separation from close people for the Spaniards is worse than their own death.

Such dramas without a bottle do not do. The Spanish family is a clan in which love and support are the norm.

Christopher Columbus is not a Jew, but a slave

One of my friend Pole claimed that Columbus was a Pole. After all, his name was Krzysztof, and the name Colon, typically Polish. The name was really Colon, but his name was Columbus Cristobald.

Columbus' mother, Susanna Fontanarossa, gave birth to her husband five children, of whom Christopher was the eldest. His younger brothers were called Bartolomeo, Giacomo and Giovanni-Pellegrino, was still the younger sister of Biancinetta. After many years Bartolomeo and Giacomo participated in the expeditions of his elder brother. They were called then in the Spanish manner - Bartolome and Diego.

There are three versions of the origin of Columbus: it comes from Genoa, from the Algarve or from Combarro. But it is near the village of Combarro that a family named Colon lives.

Of course, they have family relics on this subject. However, that's what is interesting. When Columbus discovered America, he called the land Salvador (Rich Coast). Not far from Combarro there is a very ancient church of El Salvador. The first island of Columbus called Hispaniola, and the bay of Porto Santo.

The same name is the village next to Combarro.

In the Middle Ages there was an eerie persecution of the Jews. Everywhere Jews were outcasts. Although they were educated, well-bred and wealthy people, they were not allowed to live in peace.

They were forbidden to visit synagogues, they did not even allow us to accept Christianity. Moors-conquerors tolerated Jews, and the latter were compelled to help them. The Holy Inquisition was created to combat the "devilish machinations" of the Jews. Anti-Semitism swept the country.

Almost in all cities where there were Jewish quarters, underground passages were dug. With their help, Jews secretly visited synagogues. For hundreds of years the quarters have been empty or populated by the Spaniards, but you can not find a daredevil to visit the underground labyrinths.

Today, according to statistics, about twenty thousand Jews live in Spain. The Spaniards treat strangers with disbelief: "Be afraid of the rider on horseback and the smiles of a stranger."

It is hard to believe that the monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella, chasing foreigners, would give money for the expedition to the Italian. It is absolutely impossible to imagine a team of Spaniards who were in command of a stranger on a ship.

Conclusion: Christopher Columbus was the son of a fisherman from the village of Combarro.

The legend and the past about Santiago

At the beginning of the 9th century, Galicia discovered the burial place of the Apostle James (Apostol Santiago), thanks to this fact the city of Santiago de Compostela acquired the status of one of the three holy cities of the world and became a pilgrimage site for millions of pilgrims arriving from all over the world.

After the death of our Lord Jesus Christ, his disciples went to preach his teaching to the different ends of the earth. The apostle Jacob went to Galicia.

But his mission failed, and he returned to Palestine. After his death, the disciples sent the body of the apostle back to Galicia. Something must have happened. St. James became the patron saint of Spain.

Above the relics of the saint is built a cathedral in Santiago de Compostela, the pride of Galicia. The name of the apostle James combined the Spaniards to fight the Moors. How many cities in different parts of the world are named after him. Truly, the further from Rome, the more Catholics.

The road through Navarre and Galicia, traveled for hundreds of years by millions of pilgrims, is known as the "Golden Way" to Santiago. The shrine became the site of the greatest pilgrimage (after Jerusalem and Rome).

The year that falls on Sunday, July 25, is called a saint. To get forgiveness is a great success. In the Middle Ages, when life was short, people sought to receive complete remission of sins.

From century to century the pilgrims continue to make their way. It's not the search for a better life, not fanaticism, but your own choice pushes people to make a pilgrimage.

People go for 900 kilometers. I saw such lucky ones. The road, the road, this is their goal, their sacrifice, their penance.

This is the grave of some Miguel. He died while making a pilgrimage. What a beautiful death on the road. Where is our yellow treasured arrow?

-Ola!

-Ola! - in reply. We are all brothers and sisters. Everyone has his own way, but everyone goes to one goal - forgiveness.

The grace of the spirit lives in our people. I know there is a pilgrimage along the Vyatka River. "Vyatka pilgrimage" is held under the auspices of St. Nicholas the Savior.

People are moving like time itself. They hate those who have done away with travel, turning them into tourism.


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